Atwood through her poems may of intended to achieve the question, on how the biology of the female body can work against us. Which makes us more vulnerable than men.
Religion can bear the brunt of the Feminist epidemic, after all most religious documents were mistranslated. Within the religions Islamic, Jewish and Christianity/Catholicism gave the view of women were inhumane and negative.
(‘Woman tempted man to disobey and thus she is responsible for sin in the world, she is untrustworthy, gullible, and simple minded’ and ‘Woman is cursed by pain in childbirth; pain in child birth is more serve’)
In the in the Old Testament, from the Bible, Genesis 1. The Bible originally being from Greece. The fictional story of the serpent tempting Eve, to tempt Adam (Hebrew translation of man) to eat the fruit off the tree in The Garden Eden. By doing this woman cause the immortality, God therefore gives woman pain during childbirth and makes man work for food. Meanwhile, in the New Testament woman are still seen as objects. They are used to cook; clean; breastfeed; sex and look after children.
During the 16th/17th Century, Queen Elizabeth 1st, was one of the contenders for who Shakespeare really was. Due to her high IQ and high standard of education; of which wasn’t seen to be of use to the female gender according to men. This was due to her menstrual cycle and also the fact she would of been with child for most of her life. However, in a marvelous outburst education all of a sudden became somewhat ‘fashionable’ for a young woman.
The Industrial Revolution which occurred in the 1760′s allowed women and children to join the force in running the country. In some cases many thought the work houses were cruel and offered no standards of living, leaving children to die whilst working; some also from disease. When the factories became more sophisticated the machinery needed people with a higher education – which was mostly men during this era.
Although WW1 was mass destructive all over the world, women from Britain gained from the horrific time period in British/World Wide history. Whilst all physically enabled men went to war from age of 15+. In many countries the need for woman during the First World War, was seen as necessary, as countless of numbers of men were wounded and killed during conflict. Women were left to work the factories; run businesses; work the land; looks after children and other members of the family; run the country economically and politically in some forms. This allowed us as woman to broaden a mans thin knowledge on just how equal we really are and how mental strength oversees our physical strength. After WW1 few men returned home, however, some developed the mental illness PTSD, which took over the whole lives and therefore some women ‘gained’ rights in that way. However, some came back to Britain and demanded everything to go back how it was before war; unfortunately for man there was a mass rejection and many women protested and anything that symbolised the Victorian Era was not accepted.
1960′s allowed women to gain sexual rights and also the right to not be with child. Through the revolution of the chemical contraceptive pill. Many woman were able to take this without their husband knowing and has some control over what happened to their body. They were then able to be educated if wanted. Women gained sexual power!
Coco Chanel, the designer, designed clothing for women. Influenced by male clothing; pants; shirts; jumpers; hats. Women also showed their protest through getting their hair cut into a ‘bob’, of which many man had during that time. They also challenged ‘men only’ clubs and also began to drink; smoke and go to pubs for pleasure.
Towards the end of the 19th Century women were still protesting against sexism for equal pay. Although the pay rate for a working class woman was heightened, women’s pay is still slightly lower than a mans which is my view disgusting. However, a lot of sexism and feminism is still happening today – India etc… Not only is it extremely visible in Western society due to the horrendous epidemic of rape; circumcision and sexual assault in warfare it is slightly visible within the British culture. Most managers will be male; headteachers; police; mechanics; fire brigade and many doctors are male. However, I guess as a woman that is something I and others will have to put up with for some times, I can’t wait for the day where all political and sexual rights are equal. (Including rape where the man is the victim).